Archive for the ‘Windows’ Category

Device “Bootstrap” is not available.

April 19, 2017

Virtual machine not powering on; with error output:

Device ‘Bootstrap’ is not available.



You will have to recreate the vmx file for the machine to run. Take the following steps:

  1. Note the specifications of the misconfigured VM (Processor, RAM, etc)
  2. Right click on VM; Click “Remove from Inventory”.
  3. Create new customized VM with the same specifications as the base machine.
  4. Attach the hardisks attached with the previous machine (VMDK’s)
  5. Once the VM is created and configured; power it on.
  6. If everything went according to the steps; the VM will turn on without any problems.

Windows Server 2012 R2: Backup Failure

January 1, 2015

Error reviewed: 

  • Error Code: 0x8078006B
  • Windows Backup failed to create the shared protection point on the source volumes. Detailed error: The operation ended before completion.
  • MMC has detected an error in a snap-in and will unload it. (Windows Server Backup MMC console getting crashed.)


  • Ensure Dot Net Framework 3.5 SP1 is installed.
  • Hard-drive or partition designated for backup is a primary active partition.
  • And most importantly Microsoft Volume Shadow Copy Service or VSS is up and running. If on a domain then ensure that the service is running with local system rights.

Microsoft’s Private Cloud

June 12, 2013


Just attended a conference; Microsoft’s Private Cloud which was an extension in regards to the TechEd 2013 event; the  Microsoft’s Premiere Event for IT Professionals & Enterprise Developers held from 3- 6 June 2013 at LA USA based on the new developments in Microsoft’s Private Cloud. So whats new? Well these are the new developments.

– R2 releases for Windows Server 2012 and System Center 2012 instead of going towards service packs.

– Azure comming to SQL as SQL Azure.

– SQL Server 2014 release.

– Concept of Hybrid Cloud was much emphasized. Utilization of services from a private cloud plus reservations in the Public Cloud as well. But then why would I let my datacenter invest in a 2-tier solution; didn’t understood that.

– Windows Intune now avaliable for Pakistan region.

– Full focus in integrating other virtualization platforms rather than sticking to Microsoft centric approach.

– Windows 8.1 release.



VMware Stand Alone Converter Issues

May 30, 2013

My woes with the P2V conversions is growing ever since I posted last time! Just an update on couple of things I learned in doing so. First would like to mention an error while specifying source computer to Standalone Converter; it would return the following error.

Unable to complete installation/uninstallation of vCenter Converter agent on ‘X.X.X.X’

As I stated in my last post that I read somehwere in the Standalone Converter help/troublshoot giude to disable files shares in order to access the source hardware information. I disabled my file shares last time for a server which I had to revert then as doing so didn’t solved my problem. But eventually I found out that in Windows Server; ADMIN$ (which points to C:\Windows) cannot be added from Computer Management once deleted. Hence to add that again; do the following steps:

  • Run CMD Prompt as administrator.
  • Run the command > net share ADMIN$ /UNLIMITED

This will enable your ADMIN$ share which will be used by the Standalone Converter to push its agent. Another error I figured out with one of my servers was

The source computer has GPT disk(s). Conversion of live computers with GPT disks is not supported. Conversion of virtual machines with GPT disk is supported only if disk-based cloning is performed.

This was due to the fact that the Standalone Converter is unable to read partitions with GUID tables! Hence it fails the whole process which is just insane on the part of VMware. At least it must give an option to skip that very partition and thus not failing the complete process. To resolve this you will need to disable the partitions. Following these steps:

  • Run CMD Prompt as administrator.
  • Run the command > DISKPART
  • Type > list disk
  • This will give you a list of the partition configured with GPT (indicated by *).01
  • Now goto Server Management > Disk Management and make the specific partition OFFLINE (Do note its capicity).
  • Once the partition is OFFLINE; go to Device Manager > Disk Drives
  • Verify the partition which you just turned OFFLINE by right clicking on the Disk Device > Properties > Volumes > Populate. You can verify it from the Capacity parameter. Click OK.02
  • Now right click on this Disk Device and click DISABLE.

After doing this again run the P2V conversion process; it will work like a charm! Hopefully 🙂 !!!

LDAPS Identity Source for VMware vCenter Single Sign On 5.1

May 21, 2013


Once you are done with installation of VMware vCenter 5.1; you will notice that vSphere 5.1 client wont let you login into your vCenter Server. Either you will need to configure a local admin ID on your vCenter Server or if you have an active directory (AD) running in your environment; you will need to link that to your vCenter Server i.e. by configuring an identity source.

During installation of vCenter Single Sign On 5.1; it tries to add the identity source but in my case resulted in error (Error 29155.Identity source discovery error). I then found out its the case with other users as well and also was pointed out in VMware in their KB articles. The workaround for the issue given was to add the identity source manually. Doing so I got the following errors.

[LDAP: error code 8 – 00002028: LdapErr: DSID-0C0901FC, comment: The server requires binds to turn on integrity checking if SSL\TLS are not already active on the connection, data 0, v1db1]


simple bind failed:yourdomain:636

These errors are due to the fact that your AD is configured to communicate over LDAPS SSL connection. Hence to register your identity source; you will need the X.509 certificate of your AD domain controller (DC). For that export the certificate of your AD but make sure its the Base-64 X509 Certificate.

Cert 03

Once imported; again add the identity source as demonstrated below.


Once you chose the certificate from Choose Certificate tab; make sure you get the following confirmation. If not there must be something wrong with your certificate.


You can click on Test Connection to verify your AD connectivity.


If you are still facing problems in adding the identity source; make sure of he following things:

  • Your vCenter, vSphere, vSphere Web Client, vCenter SSO etc must all be installed in the same default directories.
  • Do add the port 3269 with your FQDN.
  • There must a proper forward and reverse pointer entry on your DNS for your vCenter Server.
  • Enter the complete user name for authentication e.g.
  • If your domain controller is behind a firewall; make sure you have configured a policy to allow vCenter traffic.

HTTPS sites not loading in Windows 8

December 17, 2012

While I am still in the process of tweaking my Windows 8 workstation; apparently Microsoft has decided to block websites that have SSL certificates with keys that are less than 1024 bits.


Evidently this not only an issue with Windows 8 (which I presumed) but rather a development with IE 8 and beyond. For the Windows 7; Microsoft did released a patch. While in Windows 8 (thanks to the forums) I did the following work around to get the sites load in the default IE10 provided with Windows 8.

  • Run command prompt with administrator privileges.
  • Execute the following commands

certutil -setreg chain\minRSAPubKeyBitLength 512

–          This will set the minimum allowed key length to 512 bits rather than 1024 bits.

certutil -setreg chain\EnableWeakSignatureFlags 8

–          This flag will not enforce blocking of keys with length less than 1024 bits.

certutil -setreg chain\WeakSignatureLogDir “c:\Under1024KeyLog”

–          This is required when you set the flag described in the previous command to 8. All the keys with length less than 1024 bits will be written to this folder. (Though I have to admit I haven’t found this folder physically :\)


  • After giving my Windows a restart; things started working for me!

Microsoft Knowledge Bases: 2661254, 813444 .

Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8

December 16, 2012


I remember that installing the Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT) on Windows 7 was installing a simple patch. But doing the same for my Windows 8; nothing happened! There were no tools available; no DSA.MSC, no DHCPMGMT.MSC. And I was getting fed up of taking RDP’s of the servers.

After googling around I did found the solution. The problem was with my language pack. I dont know why Windows 8 media are only released with English-Great Britain pack while the generic tools are dependent on the English-United Stated language pack. So here is how I came around those problems.

1. Download the language pack for Windows 8. You can download it from MSDN but that not free. So get yourself a subscription or find any other way 😉

2. Once downloaded;  Open the RUN prompt and type lpksetup.exe



3. Click Install display languages.


4. Browse to your language pack media and select the EN-US LP (language pack) and click OK. Click Install then.


5. Once done; download the RSAT for Windows 8 from their download center;  yes this is free :p

6. Extract the .MSU using WinRar or any other tool you prefer. You will need the .CAB file which will appear after you extract the .MSU contents.

7. Open the Windows Power Shell with administrator privileges.

8. Execute the following command.

Add-WindowsPackage -PackagePath 'C:\' -Online -LogPath RSAT.log 

I placed the .CAB file on my C Root for easy access. Just use the TAB key and find your way to it. In my case I had a 32-Bit OS. Once done you will have a nice set of icons like these in your start menu.


Hopefully this time you will get your RSA tools 😉 Not more RDP’s for me!

Thanks to IT Pro Powershell for a reference blog on this issue 🙂

Dot Net Framework 3.5 on Windows 8

December 16, 2012

Windows Power ShellAfter migrating to Windows 8; Some of my old applications were not able to execute due to non-availability of Dot Net Framework 3.5. Dot Net Framework 4.0 is provided with Windows 8 but downloading the standalone installer version of 3.5 was not possible (Even the standalone version tries to connect to the Internet; And in many cases that failed too which I came to know of some blogs online.)

But did you knew that Framework 3.5 can be directly installed on Windows 8 provided you have the DVD\ISO of Windows 8. If you have that then its just a command from the power shell and you are done. Here is it how it can be done.


1. Mount the Windows 8 DVD\ISO.

2. Open the Windows Power Shell with Administrator privileges.

3. Execute the following command (You DVD Driver letter as X):

Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName 'NetFx3' -Source 'X:\sources\sxs'

And voila; you are done.

Recovering a stolen USB Drive

October 4, 2012

Am feeling all CSI at the moment! Yesterday; I got involved in an investigation of a USB mass storage device theft. The clue I had at start was the Windows 7 machine from which the device was stolen and a CCTV camera. The video from the CCTV wasn’t much helpful without any supporting evidence from the machine hence my only resort was to dig deep into the machine’s OS and get to some conclusion.

I did what anyone would have done; checking out the event viewer. Unfortunately no such logs about USB devices are recorded there. So I resorted to some Googling.  Once again I owe one to the immense help available out there online on forums and blogs; you can just find any solution these days!  What I did found was that a USB device when plugged into a machine; leaves all kind of traces. These traces includes time stamps, vendor & product ID’s, serial numbers, product make\model etc. Of all these what more internal to forensics is the time stamps! and getting them accurate is the key to get some productivity out of the homework.

I found two really great utilities that helped me in ending the case. USBDeview by Nirsoft and Windows USB Storage Parser by TZWorks LLC. Of these two USBDeview is simple and more efficient and I will tell you here why.

So getting to homework! First get to know your machines and devices well.

Get to know which USB devices are used on a machine

You can get to know by going into the Registry Editor and checking out  HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet001\Enum\USBSTOR. This is what you will get.

As from the snap shot you can see; there are a total of three devices used on this machine with the serial numbers mentioned under the product names. Serial numbers are unique and will give you a head start.


So now I know the device, and mapped the serial number as well. I then used a simple utility USBDeview to get the information I required.  The great thing this utility is that It also shows you the details\time stamps etc from the previous dates.

This very efficiently shows the complete details in nicely sorted columns. The important entry that helped me a lot here is the  Last Plus\Unplug time stamp.

Windows USB Storage Parser

This is another great command line tool. This tool will tell you about the different USB devices used on a machine, their vendor\product ID’s along with serial numbers and time stamps. But most important of all this will also tell you the “account name” that mounted the USB device which can really help in forensics.

As you can see in the snap shot above, its pretty well self explanatory. What missing from there is the unmounts event time stamp. That why I mentioned earlier in this blog that the USBDeview holds its ground pretty well and gives us a combined plus\unplug time stamp. This is what helped me in nailing the case.

So to complete the investigating, and to further cement my findings; I used these tools on the suspect’s machine as well and bingo!!! It was all filled up with familiar traces! I rested my case 🙂 !!!

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